Art of the UMSA-IBMB Diarrheal Illness Project supported by the Swedish Agency for Investigation Financial Cooperation (SIDA) (to A.-M.S. and ?S.). E.J. acknowledges economic support from the Swedish Institute and the International Science Programme (ISP). We also acknowledge RO1 NIAID AI0094001 funding to T.S. We acknowledge the Texas Sophisticated Computing Center (TACC) at the University of Texas at Austin for providing high-performance computing sources that have contributed towards the analysis final results reported within this paper (
Phang et al. BMC Complementary and Option Medicine 2013, 13:243 biomedcentral/1472-6882/13/RESEARCH ARTICLEOpen AccessAntioxidant potential, cytotoxic activity and total phenolic content material of Alpinia pahangensis rhizomesChung-Weng Phang, Sri Nurestri Abd Malek and Halijah IbrahimAbstractBackground: Alpinia pahangensis, a wild ginger distributed within the lowlands of Pahang, Malaysia, is applied by the locals to treat flatulence. Within this study, the antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of your crude aqueous methanol and fractionated extracts of Alpinia pahangensis against five MMP Inhibitor MedChemExpress unique cancer and one regular cell lines have been investigated. The total phenolic content material of each and every extract and its fractions were also quantified. This really is the first report on the antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of Alpinia pahangensis extract. Strategies: In the existing study, the crude methanol and fractionated extract of the rhizomes of Alpinia pahangensis have been investigated for their antioxidant activity applying 4 various assays namely, the DPPH scavenging activity, superoxide anion scavenging, -carotene bleaching and decreasing power assays whilst their phenolic contents had been measured by the Folin-Ciocalteu’s process. In vitro neutral red cytotoxicity assay was RSK2 Inhibitor site employed to evaluate the cytotoxic activity against 5 diverse cancer cell lines, colon cancer (HCT 116 and HT-29), cervical cancer (Ca Ski), breast cancer (MCF7) and lung cancer (A549) cell lines, and one normal cell line (MRC-5). The extract that showed higher cytotoxic activity was further investigated for its chemical constituents by GC-MS (gas chromatography ass spectrometry) analysis. Final results: The ethyl acetate fraction showed the strongest DPPH radical scavenging (0.35 ?0.094 mg/ml) and SOD activities (51.77 ?four.9 ) whilst the methanol extract showed the highest decreasing power as well as the strongest antioxidant activity within the -carotene bleaching assays in comparison to other fractions. The highest phenolic content material was located in the ethyl acetate fraction, followed by the crude methanol extract, hexane and water fractions. The outcomes showed a good correlation between total phenolic content with DPPH radical scavenging capacities and SOD activities. The hexane fraction showed potent cytotoxic impact against KB, Ca Ski and HCT 116 cell lines with IC50 of 5.8 ?0.1 and 9.1 ?2.0 ug/ml, respectively. The key elements of hexane fraction analysed by GC-MS evaluation had been largely methyl esters. Conclusions: The existing study suggests that the methanol extract and ethyl acetate fraction of A. pahangensis can be a prospective source of all-natural antioxidant for protective at the same time as prevention of life-threatening illnesses. The hexane fraction of A. pahangensis might have the potential to be created into therapeutic selection for treating cancer. Key phrases: Alpinia pahangensis, Antioxidant, Phenolic content material, Cytotoxic activity Correspondence: [email protected] Institute of Biological Scienc.