Eview and editing, A.B., A.J.K. as well as a.P.
Eview and editing, A.B., A.J.K. plus a.P.-K.; visualization, A.B.; supervision, A.P.-K. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of your manuscript. Funding: This study was funded by internal financing of your Health-related University of Bialystok (SUB/1/DN/21/006/1150). Data Availability Statement: Not applicable. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Strigolactones (SL) are a group of butanolide-containing molecules initially identified as seed germination stimulants for the parasitic weeds Striga and Orobanche (Cook et al., 1966; Samejima et al., 2016) and later characterized as phytohormones that play diverse vital roles in plant growth and development (Al-Babili and Bouwmeester, 2015; Zwanenburg and Blanco-Ania, 2018; Chesterfield et al., 2020). SLs is usually divided into canonical and non-canonical SLs, with canonical SLs additional grouped into strigol (S)- and orobanchol (OB) (O)-type SLs according to the stereochemistry of your C-ring (Al-Babili and Bouwmeester, 2015; Figure 1). Distinctive SL structures have already been reported to exhibit distinct parasitic weed germination activities (Yoneyama et al., 2010; Zwanenburg and Pospisil, 2013). For instance, SLs exhibiting higher germination stimulation activity toward S. gesnerioides induced low germination in S. hermonthica, although numerous SLs of high germination stimulation activity to S. hermonthica inhibit the germination of S. gesnerioides (Nomura et al., 2013). Not too long ago, LOW GERMINATION STIMULANT 1 (LGS1) has been identified to be responsible for the Striga germination stimulant activity in sorghum and missing in the Striga-resistant sorghum varieties (Endothelin Receptor medchemexpress Gobena et al., 2017), which produce distinct SL profiles, i.e., (S)-type 5-deoxystrigol (5DS) and (O)-type OB, respectively (Gobena et al., 2017). LGS1 is actually a putative sulfotransferase (SOT), which normally catalyzes the transfer of a sulfonate group from 3 -phosphoadenosine five -phosphosulfate (PAPS) to a hydroxyl group of acceptor molecules (Paul et al., 2012). The mechanism of how LGS1 regulates SL profiles amongst 5DS and OB in sorghum remains unclear. Strigolactones are synthesized from carlactone (CL), which is then converted to diverse SL structures by different downstream tailoring Glucocorticoid Receptor custom synthesis enzymes specially cytochrome P450s (CYPs) (Figure 1; Wang and Bouwmeester, 2018; Chesterfield et al., 2020). The two significant groups of CYP thatFrontiers in Plant Science | www.frontiersinDecember 2021 | Volume 12 | ArticleWu and LiIdentification of Sorghum LGScontribute towards the structural diversity downstream of CL belong to CYP711A and CYP722C subfamily (Nelson et al., 2008). The very best studied CYP711A is Additional AXILLARY GROWTH1 (MAX1) from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtMAX1), which converts CL to carlactonoic acid (CLA) and is functionally conserved in dicots (Challis et al., 2013). On the other hand, monocots, particularly the economically significant Poaceae household, normally encode much more than one CYP711As (Supplementary Table 1; Figure 2A; Supplementary Figure 1), with diverse functions distinct from AtMAX1 (Challis et al., 2013; Zhang et al., 2014; Marzec et al., 2020; Changenet et al., 2021). As an example, rice has five MAX1 homologs, with CYP711A2 catalyzing the conversion of CL to 4-deoxyorobanchol (4DO) and CYP711A3 further oxidizing 4DO to OB (Zhang et al., 2014). Most CYP711As encoded by monocot plants stay to become characterized. The other big group of SL-synthesizing CYPs, CYP722C subfamily, catalyzes the conversion of CLA towa.